IFTA and IRP
IFTA is the International Fuel Tax Agreement. Through the IFTA, member jurisdictions act cooperatively to administer and collect motor fuel use taxes.
IRP is the International Registration Plan (Plan) which is a reciprocity agreement among states of the US, the District of Columbia and provinces of Canada. IRP recognizes the registration of commercial motor vehicles registered by other jurisdictions.
The difference between IRP and IFTA is simple. IRP is a cooperative agreement for registering vehicles that travel for hire into two or more jurisdictions. IFTA is an agreement between member jurisdictions for the uniform collection and distribution of fuel tax revenues. Clear as mud?
IFTA and IRP usually are registered simultaneously unless you are leased owned to another motor carrier who is responsible for IFTA.
IRP is required for vehicles that are used for transporting property and if traveling in two or more IRP states.
*Have a registered gross vehicle weight or actual weight in excess of 26,000 pounds; or
*Are power units with three (3) or more axles regardless of weight, including buses; or
*Are used in combination and the actual weight of the combination is greater than 26,000 pounds